The hostname is a readable name easy to remember rather than a 4 number which can change, so the hostname is used to connect to a machine rather than its IP address. This can be used in a linux system allowing the users to recognize and distinguish the machine within a network.
Even though it is a important task for a system admin or a devops engineer, there are several ways this can be accomplished. In this article, let me share the methods i personally use and know to set hostname in a Linux System.
The hostname is a crucial identifier for a Linux system, allowing it to be recognized and distinguished within a network. Setting the hostname is a fundamental task that can be accomplished through various methods. In this article, we will explore different approaches to set the hostname in Linux, catering to different preferences and system configurations.
1. Using the hostname Command
The hostname command is the most straightforward one to set a hostname in Linux systems. Open a terminal and type the following command:
sudo hostnamectl set-hostname your-new-hostname
Replace “your-new-hostname” with the desired hostname that you prefer. This command will set the hostname immediately, but keep in mind that it might not persist after a reboot.
2. Editing the /etc/hostname File
Another common method is to directly change hostname by editing the /etc/hostname file. Open the file using a text editor, such as nano or vi: [ remember that it might require superuser access ]
sudo nano /etc/hostname
Replace the hostname with your desired hostname and save the file, and exit. To apply the changes, you might need to reboot your system or use the hostnamectl command:
sudo hostnamectl set-hostname $(cat /etc/hostname)
3. Modifying the /etc/hosts File
The /etc/hosts file associates IP addresses to respective hostnames. You can manually edit this file to set or change the hostname. Open the file with a text editor:
sudo nano /etc/hosts
Go to the line that starts with your system’s IP address, followed by the current hostname. Replace the existing hostname with your desired one and save the changes.
4. Using the sysctl Command
The sysctl command can also be used to set the hostname in Linux. Please use the following command in terminal,
sudo sysctl kernel.hostname=your-new-hostname
Replace “your-new-hostname” with the desired hostname. This change is temporary and will be lost after a reboot. To make it permanent, you can add the following line to the /etc/sysctl.conf file:
5. Configuring the Hostname in Network Configuration Files
Linux systems often have network configuration files where you can set the hostname. But the location of this file might vary based on the linux distribution you are using. For example, in Ubuntu, the configuration file is in /etc/network/interfaces. Open the file and add or modify the following line:
Save the file and restart the network service or reboot for the changes to take effect.
6. Using the nmcli Command (For Systems with NetworkManager)
For systems using NetworkManager, you can set the hostname using the nmcli command:
sudo nmcli general hostname your-new-hostname
This command will immediately update the hostname, and the change should persist across reboots.
Setting up the hostname in Linux environment is a simple task and yet it is an essential one for system identification and communication purposes. The methods discussed in these articles are the ones I know and are generally used in the industry. Whether you prefer using command-line utilities like hostnamectl or editing configuration files directly, choosing the method that suits your needs will make sure that there is a smooth and effective change of hostname on your Linux system. Remember to consider the specific requirements and conventions of your Linux distribution when applying these methods.